Water Filtration Systems
Are you aware that the tap water in your home may contain pollutants such as lead, chlorine, and even pharmaceuticals? Yuck! It’s no wonder that more and more people are turning to water filtration systems to ensure they’re drinking clean, healthy water. But with so many options out there, it can be overwhelming to choose the right one. Don’t worry, I’m here to break down the different types of filtration systems and help you pick the perfect one for your needs.
Activated Carbon Filters
Activated carbon, also known as activated charcoal, is like a superhero for your water. It uses small carbon pellets or beads to trap impurities and chemicals, effectively purifying your water. It’s great at removing bad tastes and odors, as well as chlorine and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) found in tap water.
Imagine trying to clean a dirty shirt by only using a magnet to pull out metal shavings. You’ll still be left with all the stains, just like how a carbon filter removes some impurities but not others. It can’t remove dissolved minerals like fluoride or lead, which means you’ll need to pair it with a reverse osmosis system or a water softener.
There are two main types of carbon filters: granular activated carbon (GAC) filters and carbon block filters. GAC filters use loose carbon pellets, while carbon block filters use compressed carbon. Both work similarly, but carbon block filters tend to last longer and filter more effectively.
Reverse osmosis, or RO for short, is like a fine-toothed comb for your water. It uses a semipermeable membrane to filter out impurities, effectively removing dissolved minerals and other pollutants. It’s great at getting rid of that metallic taste and reducing the amount of dissolved solids in your water.
But, just like a fine-toothed comb, it can be harsh. RO systems can waste a lot of water during the filtration process, and they don’t remove dissolved gases like chlorine. It also requires more maintenance than other filtration systems.
There are two main types of RO systems: under-sink and whole-house. Under-sink systems are installed under your kitchen sink and provide purified water through a separate faucet. Whole-house systems filter all the water entering your home.
Fun fact: Reverse osmosis is also used in desalination plants to turn saltwater into drinking water. The process is also employed in many industrial processes, such as processing of foods, pharmaceuticals, and in the production of semiconductors.
Stay tuned for the next part of the article where we will talk about UV water purification, Alkaline water and Kangen water.
UV Water Purification
Type 3: UV Water Purification: UV water purification is like a sunburn for bacteria and viruses. It uses ultraviolet light to zap microorganisms, effectively killing them and making your water safe to drink. It’s great at getting rid of bacteria, viruses, and even some types of parasites like Giardia and Cryptosporidium.
But, just like a sunburn, UV purification only targets what’s on the surface. It doesn’t remove dissolved minerals or chemicals, so you’ll need to pair it with another type of filtration system.
There are two main types of UV purification systems: UV lamps for homes and UV disinfection systems for wells. UV lamps are installed in your home’s plumbing and provide purified water throughout your house. UV disinfection systems are installed directly in your well and treat the water before it enters your home.
An analogy to explain UV water purification: imagine you have a jar of water and put it under the sun, just like how UV lamps purifies the water, the sun kills the microorganisms in the water.
Type 4: Alkaline Water: Alkaline water is like a magic potion for your body’s pH levels. It’s made by ionizing and alkalizing water, which can raise the pH level from neutral (7) to slightly alkaline (8-9). Proponents of alkaline water claim that it can neutralize acidity in the body and help with hydration.
But just like any magic potion, results may vary and there is not a universal acceptance of the benefits of drinking alkaline water. Also, it can be expensive to make, and it’s important to do your own research before investing in an alkaline water ionizer.
There are various types of alkaline water ionizers available on the market, and they range from low-end models that cost a few hundred dollars to high-end models that can run into thousands of dollars.
Type 5: Kangen water: Kangen water is like a miracle water. It’s made by ionizing and alkalizing water, which many believe, provides hydration, balances the pH levels in your body, and has serious anti-oxidizing properties which some say help with anti-aging..
But just like any miracle, there is no scientific evidence to back up the claimed benefits and many skeptics call it a scam. Also, the ionizer devices can be very expensive.
There are various types of Kangen water machines available on the market, which can range from low-end models that cost a few hundred dollars to high-end models that can run into thousands of dollars.
Conclusion: In conclusion, water filtration is important to ensure that you’re drinking clean, healthy water. From Activated carbon, reverse osmosis, UV water purification, Alkaline water, and Kangen water, there’s a filtration system for everyone. Remember to do your own research, read the reviews and take into account your specific needs, budget, and maintenance before investing in a water filtration system. And always remember: Hydration is key, so drink up!
The best type of water filtration system is one that is tailored to your specific needs and the contaminants present in your water. For example, if you’re mainly concerned with removing chlorine and volatile organic compounds, an activated carbon filter may be the best choice. If you want to remove dissolved minerals and other impurities, a reverse osmosis system may be a better option. It’s also important to consider factors such as cost, maintenance, and waste water generation before making a decision.
The frequency at which you need to replace the filters in your water filtration system can vary depending on the type of filter and the amount of water you use. For example, activated carbon filters typically need to be replaced every 6 to 12 months, while reverse osmosis filters may need to be replaced every 12 to 24 months. UV lamps need to be replaced every 12 months. It is important to consult the manufacturer’s instructions for specific replacement recommendations.
Installing a water filtration system depends on the type of system and your level of expertise. Some systems, such as under-sink reverse osmosis systems, can be installed relatively easily by a homeowner with basic plumbing knowledge. Other systems, such as whole-house filtration systems or UV disinfection systems, may require the expertise of a professional plumber.
The effectiveness of a water filtration system in removing fluoride from water depends on the type of system. Activated carbon filters and reverse osmosis systems are effective at removing fluoride from water. There are many cartridges designed specifically for flouride removal, and are generally used in conjunction with carbon filters.